Heat: First Aid

Sunburn 

Symptoms

Skin redness and pain, possible swelling, blisters, fever, headaches.


First Aid

Take a shower, using soap, to remove oils that may block pores preventing the body from cooling naturally. If blisters occur, apply dry, sterile dressings and get medical attention.

Heat Cramps 

Symptoms

Painful spasms usually in leg and abdominal muscles. Heavy sweating.


First Aid

Firm pressure on cramping muscles or gentle massage to relieve spasm. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue.

Heat Exhaustion 

Symptoms

Heavy sweating; weakness; cold, pale and clammy skin. Fast, weak pulse. Nausea or vomiting. Fainting. 


First Aid

Get victim to lie down in a cool place. Loosen clothing. Apply cool, wet cloths to as much of the body as possible. Fan the victim or place in front of an air conditioning vent. Give sips of water. If nausea occurs, discontinue. If vomiting occurs, seek immediate medical attention.

Heat Stroke 

Symptoms

High body temperature (103°F+). Hot, red, dry or moist skin. Rapid, strong pulse. Possible unconsciousness. Victim will likely not sweat.


First Aid

Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency. Call 9-1-1 and get the victim to a hospital immediately. Delay can be fatal. Move victim to a cooler environment. Try a cool bath or sponging to reduce body temperature. Remove clothing. Use fans and/or air conditioners. Do NOT give fluids.