Earthquakes

Earthquakes in Florida

Although Florida is not usually considered to be a state subject to earthquakes, several minor shocks have occurred there. Only one of these caused damage. Additional shocks of doubtful seismic origin also are listed in earthquake documents. Learn More >>

Earthquakes Elsewhere in the United States  

While the earthquake risk at Florida State University is very minimal, there's a pretty good chance that one day you will travel to one of the areas on this map that are at a much higher risk. The map below indicates the areas of the United States and their level of risk for a damaging and life-threatening earthquake. Learn More>>

What should you do when the earth starts to shake?

The three most critical things you should immediately when you feel an earthquake are to:

 

Earthquakes in FSU Florence and Italy:

Florence has been the epicentre of many earthquakes. From the 14th century to the present day, eight earthquakes have hit, with magnitudes varying between 4.0 and 5.2. The most recent being on May 18, 1895 ; weighed in at 5.2 on the Richter scale. Damage to the city was limited: statues,decorations, and ancient objects of priceless value were the worst affected, as they fell and shattered in an instant. Italy is most prone to earthquakes because it has a series of fault lines along the Apennine Mountains.There is a greater risk for earthquakes near Sicily as well as the northern regions of Italy including areas around Rome and Venice. The risks involved with earthquakes in Italy is damage to older buildings that are more suseptible for impact. In fact, any building that was made before 1976 may be at risk because these buildings did not have to conform to any anti-earthquake proofing standards. Hazards involved are ground shaking, landslides, and subsidence. Below is a seismicity map of Europe, the green and yellow indicate a low to  moderate risk for earthquakes and the red indicates a hgih risk. Click on the map to see a seismicity map of Italy.

 

FSU Valencia and Spain:

Valencia, Spain, located on the Iberian peninsula; in general, are at moderate risk for earthquakes. Although in the past there has been some destructive earthquakes in the area. The single most deadly earthquake in modern spanish history occurred in Arenas de Rey in Granada in 1884 with an estimated magnitude of 6.5-7 on the Richter scale. The most recent earthquake to effect Valencia was on June 13th 2013 when an earthquke hit San Fulgencio, a region in Valencia with a magnitude of 3.3 on the Richter scale. However this earthquake only caused minor damage with subsidence being the most prevelant. Risks involved with earthquakes in Spain are damage to buildings. Hazards associated with earthquakes in Spain include ground shaking, landslides, subsidence, and the biggest threat is tsunamis because the Iberain peninsula is considered by experts a high risk for Tsunamis. Below is a seismicity map of Spain. This map shows where the risk of earthquakes is highest in Spain; red being at the highest risk.

 

FSU Panama:

Panama is at a moderate risk for earthquakes.Panama is at the center of the millennial geologic collision between Central and South America. Once separated by a sea, these land masses are now being slowly shoved together, resulting in folding and faulting of the isthmus. Panama occasionally has small earthquakes, from time to time, and are most frequently felt in the province of Chiriqui, near the border of Costa Rica. This area of Panama is the most seismically active. The Pedro Miguel fault runs between two of the locks on the Panama Canal. The last time the fault ruptured was in 1621, resulting in a devastating earthquake partially destroying Panama Veijo. The hazards that are associated from the Pedro Miguel fault is largely ground shaking and there is a higher risk for tsunamis in Panama. Below is an image of a risk idex of earthquakes for Panama; pink being at a low risk and red being at the highest risk for earthquakes.

FSU London and the United Kingdom:

London and the UK, in general, are at a low to moderate risk for eathquakes. The UK is not generally associated with earthquakes, however there are several small earthquakes that occur each year. The majority of these earthquakes are small and cause little to no damage. The largest known British earthquake occurred near the Dogger Bank in 1931, with a magnitude of 6.1. on the Richter scale. The most damaging earthquake that has occured in the UK was in the Colchester area (near london) in 1884; over 1000 buildings were severely damaged. The hazards that are assocaied with earthquakes in the UK are low to moderate ground shaking. Below is a seismicity map of the United Kingdom, The yellow at the lowest risk for earthquakes and the red being at the highest 

 

 

 

Learn more about Earthquake Preparedness